Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 712-725

Role of the route of leukotrienes in an experimental model of oral mucositis induced by 5-fluorouracil

Silva, Viviane Carvalho daLeitão, Renata Ferreira de CarvalhoBrito, Gerly Anne de CastroMartins, Conceição da SilvaFreire, Gildenio EstevamAragão, Karoline SaboiaWanderley, Carlos Wagner de SouzaFreitas, Marcos Rabelo de

Purpose: To investigate the participation of cysteinyl leukotrienes in the pathophysiology of oral mucositis. Methods: Oral mucositis was induced in hamsters using 5-fluorouracil (5-FU; 60 and 40 mg/kg; i.p., on days 1 and 2, respectively, and with excoriations in jugal mucosa on day 4). Montelukast (10, 20, or 40 mg/kg/d; gavage), MK886 (3 mg/kg/d, i.p.), or saline or celecoxib (7.5 mg/kg/d; i.p.) was administered 1 h prior to 5-FU and daily, until the fourth (MK886) or tenth day, when the animals were euthanized and their jugal mucosa was collected for macroscopic, histopathological, and immunohistochemical evaluation. Results: Neither montelukast nor MK-886 prevented the oral mucositis induced by 5-FU, as observed by histopathological evaluation. In addition, we did not find significant differences in the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase-2, cyclooxygenase-2, or interleukin (IL)-1 between the experimental and control groups. However, we did observe a significant decrease in tumor necrosis factor (TNF)- expression for all doses of montelukast; we also observed a significant decrease in IL-10 with 40 mg/kg/d and MK 886. Conclusions: Cysteinyl leukotrienes do not play an important role in experimental oral mucositis induced by 5-FU. There is a modulating action specifically on TNF-α.(AU)

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