Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 578-585

Adipose tissue stromal vascular fraction in the treatment of full thickness burns in rats

Cardoso, Alexandre LamaroBachion, Maria MárciaMorais, Júlia de MirandaFantinati, Marcelo SilvaAlmeida, Vera Lúcia Lima deLino Júnior, Ruy Souza

PURPOSE: To analyze the healing effects of stromal vascular fraction (SVF) application compared to wound dressing with 2% silver sulfadiazine in full thickness burn wounds in rats. METHODS: Animals were divided into two groups: 2% silver sulfadiazine group and SVF group. Both groups received occlusive bandages while the first one was treated with 2% silver sulfadiazine and the latter was treated with injections of SVF prepared from adipose tissue extracted from an animal donor. The animals were accompanied through 3, 7 and 30 days for evaluation of macroscopic, microscopic and morphometric aspects. RESULTS: On day three, a significant increase (p 0.05) of infiltration of polymorphonuclear, fibrin formation and fibroblasts migration in SVF group was observed. On the 7th day the mononuclear infiltrate, angiogenesis, collagen and fibroblasts were significantly increased in the SVF group (p 0.05). At 30 days significantly increased collagen deposition was observed in the SVF group (p 0.05) . CONCLUSION: Adipose tissue derived stromal vascular fraction injections promotes better wound repair than 2% silver sulfadiazine in the treatment of full thickness burn in rats during the evaluated experimental period.(AU)

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