Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 486-489

Association between levobupivacaine and pancuronium. Interference in neuromuscular transmission and blockade in rats

Carvalho, Vanessa HenriquesBraga, Angélica de Fátima de AssunçãoBraga, Franklin Sarmento da SilvaPotério, Gloria Maria BragaSantos, Filipe Nadir CaparicaJunqueira, Fernando Eduardo Féres

PURPOSE:To evaluate the effects of levobupivacaine on neuromuscular transmission and neuromuscular blockade produced by pancuronium in vitro.METHODS:Thirty rats were distributed into groups (n = 5) according to the drug used alone or in combination: Group I - levobupivacaine (5 µg.mL-1); Group II - pancuronium (2 µg.mL-1); Group III - pancuronium (2 µg.mL-1) + levobupivacaine (5µg.mL-1). The following parameters were evaluated: 1) amplitude of diaphragmatic response to indirect stimulation, before and 60 minutes after the addition of levobupivacaine and pancuronium alone, and after the addition of levobupivacaine combined with pancuronium; 2) membrane potentials (MP) and miniature endplate potentials (MEPP).RESULTS:Levobupivacaine alone did not alter the amplitude of muscle response and MP. In preparations previoulsy exposed to levobupivacaine, the block with pancuronium was significantly denser (90.2 ± 15.2%), showing a significant difference (p=0.031) in comparison to the block produced by pancuronium alone (48.9% ± 9.8%). There was a decrease in the frequency and amplitude of MEPPs.CONCLUSION:Levobupivacaine potentiated the neuromuscular blockade produced by pancuronium, confirming a presynaptic action by a decrease in miniature endplate potentials.(AU)

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