Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 353-363

Chest drainage teaching and training for medical students. Use of a surgical ex vivo pig model

Tube, Milton Ignacio CarvalhoSpencer Netto, Fernando Antonio CampeloCosta, ElaineLafayette, Daniell de Siqueira AraújoLima, George Augusto da Fonseca Carvalho AntunesMenezes, Jamile Isabela Santos deBuenos Aires, Vinicius GueirosFerraz, Álvaro Antônio BandeiraCampos, Josemberg MarinsMoraes Neto, Fernando Ribeiro de

PURPOSE:Implement a constructivist approach in thoracic drainage training in surgical ex vivo pig models, to compare the acquisition of homogeneous surgical skills between medical students.METHODS:Experimental study, prospective, transversal, analytical, controlled, three steps. Selection, training, evaluation. Inclusion criteria: a) students without training in thoracic drainage; b) without exposure to constructivist methodology. 2) Exclusion criteria: a) students developed surgical skills; b) a history of allergy. (N = 312). Two groups participated in the study: A and B. Lecture equal for both groups. Differentiated teaching: group A, descriptive and informative method; group B, learning method based on problems. A surgical ex vivo pig model for training the chest drain was created. Were applied pre and post-test, test goal-discursive and OSATS scale.RESULTS:Theoretical averages: Group A = 9.5 ± 0.5; Group B = 8.8 ± 1.1 (p = 0.006). Medium Practices: Group A = 22.8 ± 1.8; Group B = 23.0 ± 2.8 (p <0.001).CONCLUSION:Through the constructivist methodology implemented in the thoracic drainage training in surgical ex vivo pig models, has proven the acquisition of surgical skills homogeneous compared among medical students.(AU)

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