Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 250-255

The effects of low level laser therapy on Staphylococcus aureus infected third-degree burns in diabetic rats

Ranjbar, RezaTakhtfooladi, Mohammad Ashrafzadeh

PURPOSE:To characterize the effects of low-level laser (LLL) on third-degreeburn wounds which were infected with Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) in diabetic rats.METHODS:Thirty streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats were divided into two groups: the control and the LLL groups. Third-degree burns were induced using a heated metal rod, and then, were contaminated with S. aureus. The wounds in the LLL group were irradiated with a LLL (685nm) daily for five consecutive days, starting three days after the induction. The wound area was measured at 3, 5, 8, 14 and 21 days after burning. At the end of trial, the skin samples were harvested.RESULTS:Reduction in wound areas in the LLL and control groups were significantly different only on the 21st day (p<0.05). The mean bacterial numbers in the LLL group were significantly lower (p<0.05) than those in the control group.The number of macrophages, new blood vessels, fibroblast, and elevated collagen deposition in the LLL group significantly increased compared to the control group (p<0.05).The mean breaking strength of scars in the control group was significantly lower (p<0.05) than that of the LLL group.CONCLUSION:The low-level laser improved the healing of S. aureus third-degree burn infections in diabetic rats.(AU)

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