Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 744-752

Characterization of an experimental model of progressive renal disease in rats

Baracho, Nilo César do ValeKangussu, Lucas MirandaPrestes, Thiago Ruiz RodriguesSilveira, Kátia Daniela daPereira, Regina MariaRocha, Natália PessoaSimões e Silva, Ana Cristina

PURPOSE:To characterize an experimental model of progressive renal disease induced by different degrees of nephrectomy in rats.METHODS:Eighty male Wistar rats were divided into four experimental groups (n=20/group): sham surgery (control group), progressive degrees of nephrectomy leading to mild uremia (group 1), moderate uremia (group 2) and severe uremia (group 3). Ten animals of each group were followed for two or four weeks. At the end, blood and 24-hour urine samples were collected to determine renal function parameters. Urine output and water and food intake were daily monitored.RESULTS:In rats of group 1, serum levels of creatinine and urea and microalbuminuria were increased, while reduced creatinine clearance (p<0.05, compared with control group), without changing blood pressure. Animals of group 2 had more accentuated alterations: increases in urinary output, blood pressure, serum concentrations of urea, creatinine, sodium, potassium, and in microalbuminuria, and reduction of creatinine clearance (p<0.05). Group 3 exhibited even more increased serum concentrations of urea, creatinine, sodium and potassium, blood pressure and microalbuminuria, and decreased creatinine clearance (p<0.05) in comparison with control group and unilateral nephrectomy.CONCLUSION:Progressive nephrectomy in rats seems to be useful to study the physiopathology of chronic kidney disease and its mechanisms of progression.(AU)

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