Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 6-13

Effects of Blocking avb3 integrin by a recombinant RGD disintegrin on remodeling of wound healing after induction of incisional hernia in rats

Oliveira, Claudio Ricardo deMarqueti, Rita de CassiaCominetti, Marcia ReginaVieira, Estela Sant AnaRibeiro, Juliana UemaPontes, Carmen Lucia SallaBorghi-Silva, AudreySelistre-de-Araujo, Heloisa Sobreiro

Incisional hernia (IH) is characterized by defective wound healing process. Disba-01, a αvb3 integrin blocker has shown to control the rate of wound repair and therefore it could be a target for new wound healing therapies.The objective of the study was to determine the changes induced by Disba-01 on repair of wound healing after induced IH in rats. Thirty two male albino rats were submitted to IH and divided into 4 experimental groups: G1, placebo control; G2, DisBa-01-treated; G3, anti-αvβ3 antibodies-treated and G4, anti-α2 antibodies-treated. Histological. biochemical and extracellular matrix remodeling analysis of abdominal wall were evaluated. After 14 days, 100% of the G2 did not present hernia, and the hernia ring was closed by a thin membrane. In contrast, all groups maintained incisional hernia. DisBa-01 also increased the number macrophages and fibroblasts and induced the formation of new vessels. Additionally, MMP-2 was strongly activated only in G2 (P<0.05). Anti- αvβ3-integrin antibodies produced similar results than Disba-01 but not anti-α2 integrin blocking antibodies. These results strongly indicate that Disba-01 has an important role in the control of wound healing and the blocking of this integrin may be an interesting therapeutical strategy in IH.(AU)

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