Periódicos Brasileiros em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

p. 608-614

Duodenal jejunal bypass attenuates non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in western diet-obese rats

Ebertz, Claudia EmanuelliBonfleur, Maria LúciaBertasso, Iala MileneMendes, Mariana CarlaLubaczeuski, CamilaAraujo, Allan Cezar de FreitasPaes, Antônio MarcusAmorim, Elaine Manoela Porto deBalbo, Sandra Lucinei

PURPOSE:To evaluate the effects of duodenal-jejunal bypass (DJB) on serum and hepatic profiles of obese rats fed on a western diet (WD).METHODS:Twenty eight male Wistar rats were fed a standard rodent chow diet (CTL group) or WD ad libitum. After 10 weeks, WD rats were submitted to sham (WD SHAM) or duodenal-jejunal bypass (WD DJB). Body weight, fat pad depots, glycemia, insulinemia, HOMA-IR, TyG, lipids profile and hepatic analyses were evaluated two months after surgery.RESULTS:The WD SHAM group presented greater obesity, hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, insulin resistance, hypertriglyceridemia and hepatic steatosis than the CTL group. WD DJB rats presented decreased serum glucose and insulin resistance, when compared to WD SHAM animals, without changes in insulinemia. In addition, DJB surgery normalized serum TG and attenuated TG accumulation and steatosis in the liver of the WD DJB group. Hepatic ACC and FAS protein expressions were similar in all groups.CONCLUSION:Duodenal-jejunal bypass attenuates hepatic parameters of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in obese rats fed on a western diet.(AU)

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